Învăţăm limba engleză: Lecţia 7
What work do you do?
I like my job because I talk to people while I cut their hair. I ask them about their holidays and their families. It’s hard work as I have to stand all day.
I like staying in bed in the morning. Some people say I don’t work hard because they are in bed I am at work. I have to study and read lots of books, but it’s wat I want to do.
I work for a large department store. I sell women’s clothes and shoes. It’s a good job because I like the other people who work here and the hours are good. Of course, I have to be polite to customers.
I have to be very fit to do this job. It takes twelve hours to fly to Singapore and I do that twince a week. It’s a great job because I see so many different countries.
I like it because I don’t have to work for anybody. I decide where to go and what hours I work. I usually drive my cab at night, because the streets are quiet and I can stop and have a cup of coffee and a sandwitch when I want.
have to / has to
Poţi folosi have to pentru a spune că ceva este necesar sau foarte important.
I hard work as I have to stand all day.
She has to start work at 8.00 every day.
Present simple tense (Timpul prezent simplu).
Acest timp se foloseşte pentru a vorbi despre stări general valabile, obiceiuri, situaţii permanente şi adevăruri eterne. În propoziţii simple, un pronume personal (ex. I, You, He, we) sau un substantiv este urmat de verb şi de restul propoziţiei.
I walk to work. -Merg pe jos la serviciu.
Australia is a big country. -Australia este o ţară mare.
I. Affirmative form (Forma afirmativă)
Majoritatea verbelor adaugă -s sau -es la persoana a treia singular, când sunt folosite cu he, she, it.
I start / finish work at 9.00.
You start / finish work at 9.00.
We start / finish work at 9.00.
They start / finish work at 9.00.
He starts / finishes work at 9.00.
She starts / finishes work at 9.00.
It starts / finishes work at 9.00.
Verbe uzuale care adaugă -s.
ask -> asks
get -> gets
hope -> hopes
know -> knows
like -> likes
live -> lives
want -> wants
Verbele care se termină în -ss, -o, -ch, -sh adaugă -es:
do -> does
go -> goes
miss -> misses
teach -> teaches
wash -> washes
watch -> watches
Verbele care se termină în -y schimbă forma în -ies:
cry -> cries
fly -> flies
try -> tries
II. Negative form (Forma negativă)
Se pune don’t (do not) sau doesn’t (does not) în faţa verbului.
I don’t start work at 9.00.
You don’t start work at 9.00.
We don’t start work at 9.00.
They don’t start work at 9.00.
He doesn’t start work at 9.00.
She doesn’t start work at 9.00.
It doesn’t start work at 9.00.